Code Approved Dryer Elbows

Building Code

We're Members of the International Code Council In an effort to reduce the number of dryer fires (over 15,500 per year in the US alone) most building code has strict guidelines for properly venting a dryer. Every foot of duct run reduces airflow efficiency and small radius elbows have an even greater impact.

Dryer-Ells Have Been Proven to Be 500% More EfficientThe Dryer-Ell was specifically designed to eliminate that impact. Calling on ASHRAE engineering fundamentals, it's built with a smooth interior and sweeping radius that improve airflow efficiency. UL found it to be 500% more efficient than sectioned elbows.

Today, ten inch radius elbows are written into both International Residential Code and International Mechanical Code. You may click on the links below for a printable version of the section affecting dryer ducting. More detail on how it got added follows.
2009 IMC for Dryer Venting  2009 International Mechanical Code2009 IRC for Dryer Venting  2009 International Residential Code
Dryer-Ell Code Approval History and Supporting Documents
Different municipalities adopt code revisions at different rates, so it's important to have a history of Dryer-Ell adoption. This will help you to be certain you have the right supporting detail for the local inspector.

ASHRAE Calculations   As mentioned above the Dryer-Ell was designed within the framework of ASHRAE fundamentals to have the same affect on air flow rate as straight pipe.

Click for a PDF of UL's Report From there, Underwriters Laboratories confirmed the Dryer-Ell's improved airflow efficiency in 2006.

2006 IRC for Dryer Venting The International Code Council later allowed the Dryer-Ell to be measured using ASHRAE methodology in 2006 Residential Code which translates to a one-to-one ratio when comparing friction loss versus straight pipe.

For 2009, ICC published tables that clearly delineate the fact the Dryer-Ell is measured the same as straight pipe in both International Residential and International Mechanical Codes.
2009 IMC for Dryer Venting  2009 International Mechanical Code2009 IRC for Dryer Venting  2009 International Residential Code
For quick reference, here is the pertinent table showing the equivalent length of various elbows. You will note that the equivalent length for ten inch radius, smooth elbows matches the lengths of each model Dryer-Ell.

Dryer Exhaust Fitting Equivalent Length

(IMC 504.6.4.1 / IRC M1502.4.4.1)
Dryer Exhaust Duct Fitting Type Equivalent Length
4” radius mitered 45 degree elbow2 feet 6 inches
4” radius mitered 90 degree elbow5 feet
6” radius smooth 45 degree elbow1 foot
6” radius smooth 90 degree elbow1 foot 9 inches
8” radius smooth 45 degree elbow1 foot
8” radius smooth 90 degree elbow1 foot 7 inches
10” radius smooth 45 degree elbow9 inches
10” radius smooth 90 degree elbow1 foot 6 inches

45 and 90 Degree Smooth Elbows
Ten Inch Radius Smooth Interior Dryer Duct Elbows
In-O-Vate Technologies Incorporated
810 Saturn St, #21, Jupiter, FL 33477

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